As a result, Putin “has shown that he is willing to push other countries across the precipice and into a much wider conflict” by closing the gas pipeline in Poland last week and threatening to spill the conflict into Europe.
After Poland and Bulgaria refused to pay in Russian roubles, Russia’s state-owned energy company, Gazprom, cut off their supply in late April.
The move came as Russia’s economy slowed due to Western sanctions imposed in response to Moscow’s invasion of Ukraine.
However, since Putin gave the order for Russian forces to invade Ukraine in February, observers have criticized his actions as perplexing and irrational.
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